First unmanned mission to space: Sputnik 1, launched 60 years ago

October 8, 2017 1:37 PM

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First unmanned mission to space: Sputnik 1, launched 60 years ago

It was on October 4, 1957, that Sputnik 1 became the first man-made object ever sent to space. Or we can say it was the stepping stone for future exploration of space. And within these 60 years, scientists have managed to send many advanced objects to space not only through the unmanned mission but also through manned mission and have unfolded many mysteries of the Universe.

The launch of Sputnik 1 made both the Soviet Union and America enter the space world. And after that, the space age started, and it saw countries hustling and competing with each other countries hustling to make their mark in exploration and research. Sputnik made number unimaginable discoveries and revealed many interesting facts about the cosmos.

Through Sputnik, scientists were able to receive some never heard signals of outer space and that indicated the successful launch of the satellite. Sputnik traveled with the speed of 8km per second, and it took just 1 hour and 35 minutes to orbit around our Earth. The Russian media closely observed and analyzed the wavelengths and frequencies of Sputnik and revealed the powerful capability of its radio waves, and after some time it revealed the time and orbital location of the satellite where it was expected to pass by.

Initially, it was a race between the USSR and the USA for prestige and glory and the technological capability, but it saw the rapid involvement of many space explorers from other countries which made space exploration global phenomena. Actually, in the late 1950s and 60s both USSR and America wanted to dominate the world and they thought space race would act as deciding factor for each one’s capability. At first, Russia won the battle as it successfully launched all the 6 satellites to space.

But America tried to match it with the launch of 28 satellites in-between 1957-59. Among them, 10 got successful. But later on, USSR became dormant in space discovery, and the United States dominated the space world with successful missions to Moon and Mars. And now other countries like China and India are proving their capabilities in space exploration with many of their own successful satellite launches.


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